10 Oct 2009
Report to the inspection trip to Vietnam and Cambodia
On 6 September 2009 started Gerd Willkommen,
Chairman Courage e.V. and Peter Heinz, a member of Courage, as always
at their own expense, to a two-week trip to Vietnam and this time also
to Cambodia. Travel reason was the visit of the projects in 6 different
municipalities in the province of Hue and the project in Kampong Cham,
which is maintained by Buddhism and Society Development Association,
shortly BSDA, as partners. The organization in Vietnam was, as always
in the hands of our representative on site.
Every morning we visited 4 to 5 women. All women live so far away from any kind of infrastructure so that they were only accessible by scooter and under the leadership of someone who knows the localities. To take a moped through the chaotic traffic in Hue, was particularly a challenge for Peter Heinz, which made him often hair stands on end.
In addition there were meetings with the Foreign Relations department of the provincial government, Mr. Nguyen, and also of the representatives of the Women's Union in the six municipalities. With an annual budget of around € 12,000 (for travel expenses will be paid for privately, but are included here with!) We are the smallest of NGOs in the province, whose work is nonetheless universal accepted.
Upon completion of the work in Hue, we flew at 16.9. to Saigon and traveled with light luggage North to the border with Cambodia, which we reached after two-hour taxi ride. In the terminal we handed our passports to two very official-looking men in blue uniforms. They filled out the forms for us and made us sign it. Only when she demanded money for filling in, we realized that we were windy fall into the hands of journeyman who had taken advantage of our inexperience. Well, we paid the mite and bothered us less about the 2 € rather than on the cheek. Only a few steps ahead began the official procedure.On the Cambodian side Mr. Vandong, the chief monk of BSDA, was waiting for us. Both on the outward and on the way back, the driver showed us how to drive in Cambodia. With good 100 km / h and always honking they dashed on well-paved roads through the elongated villages. In particular, the return has stressed our polite acceptance to driving. It was a national holiday, and the driver wanted as quickly as possible back to his family! We arrived in HCMC much earlier than planned and were able to prepare adequately for the evening flight home.
The results are promising in Vietnam. In all
villages the number of animals coming to the mast has increased. The
women have more experience in the food preparation. Much depends on
whether the women can obtain sufficient food. Under favorable
conditions, the piglets grow faster and their animals can be sold four
times. The project in Binh Thanh shows clear, which qualitative
development of the projects has taken. It is plain to see that the
results have gotten around and the women want to use their chance.
Apparently, the close cooperation between the Women's Union and
representative of our company is one of the foundations of successful
work. Even the municipal council in Quang Thai, in which village which
many piglets died because of bad weather at the beginning, is now
impressed with the success because several capable women made a
sensation with their sows and earn relatively good money. The chairman
of the council has organized a meeting and the successful women were
able to present their experiences.
Example Ms Truong Thi Gai, Binh Thanh
51 years old, no children, a boy died as a child. She got in March 2009 first three piglets.
Example, Mrs. Nguyen Thi Nguyet, Binh Thanh
She is 66 years old and has no children. She said she would not have been attractive enough for it. When the end of the Vietnam War ended she was over thirty years old. About their war experiences, she would not speak at all. The area around Binh Thanh was in 1968 a theater of war between regular units of the Vietnamese People's Army and forces of South Vietnam and US. After the war the town was part of the special territory that was repopulated with more or less volunteers from South Vietnam. The author has prepared the explosive ordnance in the modern village of Binh Thanh by a German NGO. You can only guess what fate she was suspended. Today she has two pigs at 55 kg in the sty and is waiting until they weigh more because they can draw more money. Make the work for two pigs for them, would be hard enough for her age.
Example Ms Cao Thi Loc
She has 5 children (22, 16, 14, 10 and 2
years). The fathers were road construction workers who had only a short
time there and then disappeared. Because alimony payments are difficult
to implement, she alone had to provide for their children.
Example, Le Thi Hien, Huong Ho
She is 42 years old and has a 16 year old son who will finish school this year.
Example, Nguyen Thi Kim Duyon, Binh Thanh
She is 28 years old and has a daughter, born
after a marriage concluded to Vietnamese traditional way. Two pairs of
parents, the relationship has been discussed and enforced.
Traditionally, the bride moves into the house of his parents and must
be subordinate to the mother-in-law. Already during pregnancy the
husband has moved in with another woman. This also meant that she was
removed from the house of their parents-in-law. As a woman with a child
in the country side, she has only little chance to be able to remarry.
She like others had to make for himself alone, and the now 6-year girl.
She cannot claim any rights, because there was no state-recognized
Example woman from Quang Thai: Mrs.Thuy
Like all other women Mrs. Thuy has begun with three piglets. That was in late 2007. Now she has two sows and 10 piglets in the barn. She has invested a portion of the proceeds in tobacco plants. The barren sandy soil of her garden she has fertilized with manure and achieved good results. The harvested tobacco has packed it to ferment. At the end it will cut it to plug in pods and sell the cigarettes..
1. Our project idea is simple. "Courage e.V." is passed to each woman as a seed for permanent income, three piglets, paid the material for the pigsty and funded a solution tailored to the intellectual level of education. The average expenditure amount for a woman, including the concentrated feed made available for the transitional period the piglets from the breeding station and the pigsties of the women, is about 250 €. One of the basic conditions for inclusion in the project is the ability to feed in their garden to grow or obtain elsewhere for free.
2. Depending on how many times a year, the women sell the piglets, is the pure profit between 600 € and 1,000 €, that means these women have crossed the poverty line of $ 1 per day bzw.350 $ per year for two or three times. Increasingly, women develop self-initiative to increase their earning potential, more piglets in which they adjust or they get through the cultivation of tobacco, which is made possible on the sandy soil fertilized with manure, additional income.
3. It is suggested: women, who have more than five piglets, are to be equipped with biogas plants, which is an important step in relation to the receipt of a healthy environment. It is thus the soil and water pollution avoided, but also achieved a new quality of energy supply. So far, all the women cook with wood in a corner of the house. An investment costs and cost about 250 €.
4. The Vietnamese government will provide each household 20,000,000 VND (~ 800 €) for the construction of a house of stone. The remaining fund, everybody has to pay it by< themselves. Some of the project women, if they are long enough in the project, completed money. Other obtains credit that they receive from the Women's Union and they can repay with the help of the pig.
Results in Kampong Cham
Since 2008, there is a cooperation agreement
with BSDA (Buddhism and Society Development Association). BSDA, took
the concept of Courage e.V. is an in Cambodia registered association. A
Courage member is solely responsible for the funding. The Board of
Courage e.V. only issue the donation receipt and settles the expenses
according to the German case to the tax office in Darmstadt.
Example Mrs Ben Nary
She has no children. Her husband left her 16
years ago. Two of her brothers live in their house. We wanted to know
how to appraise the project. Since it can take 50% of the food from the
garden and buy the other 50% of the market must not be worth the high
cost. She told us: cows should be better. All the two years they would
then have $ 500 for the calf, and hardly ever need to worry about the
Example Mrs. Vanna IN
She is 52 years old and has five children by
different fathers. On their property their guiding hand was evident.
They said she buys 80% of the feed for the pigs on the market. Under
these circumstances, would not be worth pigs. At the same time she
confessed that she did not know which and how to cook pig feed.
Instead, she wanted chickens.
Two other women, we have visited to share the same fate. They are very poor, single and have to provide for three or five children. She also advocated because of the lower expenses for cows.
Summary on Cambodia
In the end, an evaluation took place with the team of BSDA and Courage guests.
1. Significant differences with Vietnam are unmistakable. The monk Vandong emphasized in this context that the Vietnamese were for their diligence and business acumen known in Southeast Asia.
2. If women are not in a position to take care of food, reduces the profits considerably. Obviously, the training was given insufficient attention to the food supply and preparation. In all the gardens, we have seen, were banana trees. Its trunk can be chopped. By cooking the pig feed is prepared. This is possible in the inspected property.
3. It remains BSDA to decide whether the money is used for the purchase of cows or chicks, if the principles are respected for the public good.
Erzhausen on 09/28/2009
Attachment (open letter of the commune Binh Thanh)